History of Bihar
Knowing the history of Bihar is to acquaint oneself with the rich Indian tradition, which goes back to the time when Bihar was Magadha. The capital of Magadha was known as Patliputra. As one of the greatest sages of the world, Buddha took birth and walked in its vicinities, the fact made Bihar worthy of experience. The same has been mentioned in the Vedas, puranas, and epics.
The history of Bihar goes back since the inception of human civilization. Earliest myths and legends of Hindu religion, the Sanatana Dharma is associated with the place. Sita, the consort of Rama was a princess of Bihar. Maharishi Valmiki, the author of the Hindu epic, The Ramayana, also lived in Bihar at one point of time. It is the same place where Lord Mahavira, the founder of Jainism, Lord Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, and Guru Gobind Singh, the founder of Sikhism attained their exalted state of consciousness.
As far as ruling of Bihar is concerned, the place was ruled by Magadh and licchavis rulers around 7- 8thCentury B.C. Bihar was an important place representing power, culture, and education for thousand years. Especially in the Gupta period, Bihar rose to new heights and enjoyed its Golden Age. The areas in which Bihar made great strides were Science, Maths, Religion, Astronomy, and Indian Philosophy. During those times, Bihar was immensely prosperous and peace reigned in the region with its full intensity. That is why historians place this period of Bihar as glorious and high rated. Muhammad Bin Bakhtar Khilji followed the period where he inflicted destruction on to the place by massacring many Buddhists according to the historical documentation. Universities of repute, Nalanda and Vikramshila were destroyed in the wake of this.
Then came Sher Shah Suri, who again built the region and the credit for the longest road of the Indian subcontinent goes solely to him. It was his economic reforms, which were responsible for the sudden rise of the region once again. Then Akbar progressed on the same lines and Bihar was basking, peace, and prosperity. After him, Nawabs of Bengal annexed Bihar and in the 10th century, Guru Gobind Singh was born in Patna, who represented as the last guru of Sikhism.
Modern Bihar history is primarily a result of many peasant movements at various places in the region. However, it did not deter Bihar to participate actively in the Indian National Movement. Many leaders participated in the Indian freedom struggle and were responsible for India’s independence.